The origins of the Schiappapietra family
is known, from centuries ago, to have been Italy, Liguria, around
Albisola. One member moved in the 17th Century to Mexico, the branch
there adopting the surname Chapa. Two other members, Pietro and
Giambattista, brothers, both baptized in S. Teodoro in Genoa, were,
c. 1760, asked by the Marquis of Pombal, prime minister of Portugal,
to go there and set up a factory to weave the silk. An Italian
branch lives in Albissola Marina and Albisola Superiore, where there
is a museum and a foundation, the Fondazione Schiappapietra. [1, 2].
The two brothers, Pedro and João
Baptista, were experts in silk weaving, particularly in the very
complicated looms to weave patterned tissues, and socks. João
Baptista was charged with the direction of a workshop to manufacture
all sorts of steel and brass parts needed for the industry,
including the silk weaving. In this workshop it was built a mobile
throne encircled by steel bars, to protect the king from any assault
like one he suffered in Vila Viçosa. [2, 3].
The male line from João Baptista's
Father to the armiger is, as follows: 1 - Antonio Schiappapietra and
Vitoria, married in S. Teodoro, Genoa; 2 - João Baptista
Schiappapietra, b. and baptized in Genoa, c. 1737, married with
Clara, baptized in Genoa, in S. Lorenzo cathedral; 3 – Sebastião
Clemente Schiappapietra, b. 1770, married 1795 with Maria Libânea de
Azevedo, from an old Alcobaça family; 4 - João Pedro Schiappa de
Azevedo, b. 1797; 5 - João Baptista Schiappa de Azevedo, b. 1828,
mining engineer, married 1863 with Maria Helena Bon de Sousa,
daughter of the general 1st baron of Pernes; 6 - Fernando Luis
Schiappa de Azevedo, b. 1869, officer of the Lisbon mint (Casa da
Moeda); 7 - Pedro Fernando Schiappa de Azevedo, b. 1906, officer of
the Lisbon ancient charity (Misericórdia); 8 - Fernando Luis
Schiappa de Azevedo, MSc (DIC), KSLJ, b. 1945, mechanical engineer (IST,
University of Lisbon), MSc (Imperial College, University of London),
lead research officer (retired) at the Civil Engineering Research
Portuguese Laboratory (Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil), in
Lisbon , Knight of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem .
Fernando married in 1977 to Catherine Braddell, b. in Lisbon in
1955, of English family; they have four sons, João, b. 1978, Teresa,
1980, Pedro, 1987, and Tiago, 1989.
The per bend wavy depressed represents a
rock (in Italian Pietra) and the lion's gamb with the sword alludes
to the Italian meaning of Schiappa, the two-word surname
Schiappapietra having the meaning of breaking rocks.
1 - www.fondazioneschiappapietra.org,; 2 - J. Accursio das Neves -
Noções Sobre a Produção das Sedas em Portugal (about the Silk
Production in Portugal) Lisboa, 1827; pg.s 222 on.; 3 - G. de Matos
Sequeira - Depois do Terramoto (After the 1755 Earthquake), Lisboa,
1918 (reprinting 1967); vol. II, pg. 237, vol. III, pg. 131, vol.
IV, pg. 202 on. ; 4 - Raizes & Memorias (Roots & Memories) n. 8, pg.
75; n. 11, Oct. 1995, pg. 253; 5 - Diploma of the Order de Saint
Lazarus of Jerusalem, dated 19 Nov. 2016.